We set out on morning game drive with a typical initial plan in mind; look for lions. Barely 15 minutes in though, tracker Freddy Ngobeni suddenly raised his hand for me to stop the vehicle, and turned to me with an unusual expression of surprise and concern. To our amazement we had stumbled across tracks of the Xidulu female and her two young cubs but the tracks were far outside their usual territory. This 15-year-old leopardess and her litter have possibly been put under pressure from a new mother, the Nkoveni female, which has apparently been forcing them south into the territory of the neighbouring Tamboti female.

The Xidulu female has begun popping up in places we don’t usually see her.

As we followed the tracks of the three leopards, we were forced to speculate why the female would lead her cubs so far. Freddy was convinced that she had made a kill and returned to fetch her young cubs to it.
A few minutes later, we found tracks of the Tamboti female on top of those of the Xidulu female and her litter (Freddy and many of the other trackers are able to recognize the tracks of the individual leopards) which added a new element of intrigue. With extra exuberance at the potential of witnessing a confrontation between the leopards, we continued our pursuit.

Without any warning and in very close proximity to where we were tracking we heard a male leopard rasping, vocalising his territory and asserting his dominance in the area. The excitement was now palpable and we had not even seen any of the five leopards we were now looking for!
We moved quickly in the direction of the rasping calls, and rounding a corner suddenly came across the Piva male and the Tamboti female walking together. The Piva male stopped to slake his thirst in one of the numerous puddles now abundant after the rains, while the Tamboti female moved off into the thicket where we lost sight of her.

The Piva male drinks form a small rainwater pan.

It was, however not over; in fact, the sighting was just beginning!

Only seconds later we heard the aggressive and undeniable growls of two leopards fighting! We raced to where we heard the growls emanating from and found the Xidulu young male perched up in a small Weeping wattle tree, commendably defending himself against the Tamboti female at the base of the tree. This interaction lasted for several minutes as the aggression displayed by both leopards continued unabated.

The Tamboti female (bottom) confronts the Xidulu young male (in the tree).

The Tamboti female, inherently aggressive in nature, persistently growled and attempted to climb the tree with the Xidulu young male showing equal aggression and obstinately standing his ground. The interaction culminated as the Tamboti female eventually moved off slowly and rested in the shade of a thicket not far away.
Later that morning, the Xidulu female was found, walking back in the direction of her territory with no further signs of either of her youngsters.
The feeling of unease about the fate of the cubs was only exacerbated by the fact that no sign of them was had for several days after this interaction, with many guides and trackers speculating a fatal outcome.
Fortunately, five days after this incident, both the cubs were seen back in the safety of their mother’s territory. To our delight the whole family was seen together again – albeit with a few fresh cuts – just shy of a week after the altercation with the Tamboti female.

The Xidulu female and cubs, reunited.

I guess we will never know exactly what had happened the night before and where the young cubs had been hiding for such an extended period of time but at the end of an amazing sighting and an agonizingly nerve-wrecking week, they had finally reunited!


Filed under Leopards Wildlife

About the Author

Callum Gowar

Field Guide

Growing up in Cape Town, the opposite end of South Africa from its main wildlife areas, didn't slow Callum down when embarking on his ranger training at Londolozi at the start of 2015. He had slowly begun moving north-east through the country anyway, ...

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on A Close Encounter for the Xidulu Female’s Cub

Join the conversationJoin the conversation

Vicky Auchincloss

Phew !!!

Indra Cabral

Hi Callum: Hope you are well. Are those “our” leopard cubs?
Warmest regards to Freddy and everyone at Londolozi.


Great article Callum. It is scary and yet exciting to be part of the cat dynamics. Thank goodness the cubs were found alive. Magnificent animals.


Gosh leopards really do live such dangerous lives, especially the young ! Glad the family were seen together later.

Jill Larone

Callum, thank you for the great re-telling of the events of the past week! I’m so happy to hear that the cubs are uninjured and safely back with Mom again! Good for the young male for holding his own against the Tamboti female — what a feisty survivor he is!

Judy Guffey

Callum and Freddy. Superb team!

Laura Eberly

She is an amazing mother! Thank you for the update. We saw her with her last litter, 2 female cubs that bare now independent and I believe thriving.

sandra harmon

thank you for your daily newsletter–brings Africa to me. Hopefully one day, I can visit!


Good job, young male. Best wishes for this plucky family!

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