In this wonderful world we live in there are literally thousands of families and species of animals. The family of animal that attracts and captivates probably more people than any other are the Felidae, the cats, more specifically the big cats. These enthralling creatures with their perfectly designed camouflaged coats, out-of-this-world strength and fleet footedness lure more people back to Londolozi than any others. Leopards and lions roam the hilly crests and pristine riverfront, and with a bit of luck, a visit to Londolozi could give you the opportunity to view one of these remarkable creatures in their natural environment.
There is however another cat out there whose name conjures up thoughts of mystery and intrigue. This animal was first introduced to many by the famous The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling. Bagheera – the Black Panther…
The allure of seeing this animal is so tantalising that I cannot tell you how many times I have been asked if there is a possibility of seeing a black panther on safari. Reports of these animals have been around for a long time. The amazon, various African countries, rural areas in Australia’s New South Wales and Victoria provinces and the foothills of England being some of the areas where sightings are frequently documented. The sightings in Australia and England might be hard to explain but one has to remember that at one stage you could legally purchase a lion or tiger at Harrods (a department store in London), and it is suspected that one or two escapees from private collections may be roaming the countryside. Areas where we know for a fact they do occur include the rainforests of Malaya, Mount Kenya, Myanmar and Java.
To clear up some controversy and confusion, let’s start with the name, the black panther. The black panther is merely a colloquial name given to a melanistic colour variation of a leopard or jaguar, and is derived from the genus name, Panthera. Black panthers in Asia and Africa are black leopards and black panthers in the Americas are black jaguars. Melanism (a Greek word meaning black pigment) is an over development of the dark-coloured pigment melanin in the skin or its appendages and is the opposite of albinism. Close inspection of these cats will show that the spots and rosettes are still present but much harder to see due to the darker colour of the coat.
What is absolutely astounding is how these cats actually survive in the wild. If you have been fortunate enough to witness a leopard stalking through bushes using its faultless camouflage you will know how perfectly adapted they are. Black panthers on the other hand can only utilize their camouflage at certain times of the day and believe it or not it isn’t in the dark. In the dark the black colour creates a silhouette which makes the animal stand out like a sore thumb. Learning to hunt for a melanistic leopard or jaguar would quite possibly result in different techniques being developed to those of their normal coloured relatives. Survival would not doubt be a result of a lot of trial and error, and would certainly not be possible in many areas in which the recessive melanistic gene occurs. Savanna habitats are poor areas for melanistic cats to live, as the lack of plentiful deep shadows necessarily limit their camouflage. and although there are records of black leopards being sighted in the Kruger Park, the individuals born black would almost certainly not survive long enough to reproduce.
In certain environments where darkness can be an advantage, whether for camouflage purposes or temperature regulation, one finds a much higher incidence of melanism, as melanistic individuals survive and reproduce, thus passing on the gene.
The Aberdares National Park in Kenya is one of the best places to see black leopards in Africa. Some areas in Asia actually have higher numbers of black leopards than normal coloured ones!
These enigmatic cats emanate a certain aura which attracts us to them. Not unlike the Loch Ness monster of the Scottish Highlands. Maybe it is because we have the desire of seeing something so rare, a yearning for something extraordinary.
Or maybe we can associate with Bagheera; we want to help something in need. In Bagheera’s case, young Mowgli, the ill-fated child left in the jungle, in our case a species of animal with such magnetic appeal that we cannot but feel an obligation to enhance their existence in some way or the other…