Last week we had the privilege of witnessing one of the great battles between two of Africa’s fiercest rivals. The afternoon commenced with a plan to spend some time with a herd of more than 500 buffalo which were passing through Londolozi’s south-western grasslands and had been seen earlier that morning. A spectacle on its own; however none of us could be prepared for the epic battle which was to transpire.

Although these large buffalo herds are seen relatively frequently there are often periods during which they are not encountered at all for a few days. A large herd like this needs to be constantly moving in search of grazing and water to sustain themselves which is why we thought we would take the opportunity to view them while they were there.

Within half an hour of leaving camp Talley Smith, who was already with the herd, updated us that there was also a pride of lions trailing these buffalo. Without hesitation we headed straight to where Talley had found the herd and were joined shortly afterwards by rangers Dan Buys and Sandros Sihlangu.

Mhangeni Buffalo 2-38

The head of the buffalo herd faces off with the young pride as a breeding herd of elephants passes by unperturbed.

Towards the end of the dry season when nutritious grasses are scarce, grazers like buffalo can become more vulnerable as they lose condition. Lions will regularly trail these herds for hours and even days waiting for any weaker animals to be separated from the group, offering greater opportunity to view incredible interactions between these two age-old rivals.

On arrival we were greeted by a wall of enraged buffalo facing off with seven young lions – six of the Mhangeni breakaway pride (three males, three females) along with a young Talamati male who had been spending time with this pride. While the buffalo clearly demonstrated their displeasure at the presence of the pride, the lions seemed quite content to lie around and watch the herd whilst not taking any chances. The remainder of the herd continued grazing behind this standoff, knowing that as long as they kept in a tight grouping the lions would pose little threat. Lions risk their lives even in an attempt to bring down a lone buffalo never mind the collective force of a herd this size.

Within minutes of our arrival, a few of the old buffalo bulls decided they had had enough of the lion’s presence and would make the first move. Charging at the complacent lions, they easily separated the pride and forced three of the young male lions up onto a termite mound and one into a fallen over marula tree.

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One of the Mhangeni young males watches the herd after being chased up a fallen Marula tree.

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The young male watches the rest of the pride scatter before the oncoming stampede.

For the next half an hour the herd of buffalo continued its relentless pursuit of these lions. Eventually the lions accepted temporary defeat and focused their attention on a herd of wildebeest and dazzle of zebra which were grazing nearby and seemed unaware of the pride’s presence.  After stalking for some time the lions were spotted by a pair of reedbuck which sounded their unique whistling alarm, resulting in the zebra and wildebeest swiftly running away. This was actually the first time I had heard the alarm call of this seldom-seen antelope.

Shortly afterwards, however, a new opportunity presented itself as the pride spotted two female buffalo that were separated from the rest of the large herd by at least 200m. Immediately tracker Bennet Mathonsi turned to me in excitement, aware of what drama could potentially ensue.

The three lionesses immediately began a stealthy approach towards these two lone buffalo followed closely behind by the males. We kept our distance, not wanting to interfere in any way, and waited in anticipation.

We watched the pride get to within 15m of the two cows before launching their attack. It was a rare opportunity to witness this interaction during the day and in such open terrain.

After the initial chaos it emerged that the pride had split and boldly gone for both buffalo simultaneously. Within minutes, one of the buffalo had been brought down and seemed to have given up the struggle as two of the lions clamped their jaws around its muzzle. The other buffalo was not going down without a fight and we watched in awe as the pride tried to bring down the second buffalo.

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The young lioness adds her weight.

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Cohesion amongst the chaos.

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This continued for about fifteen minutes and it seemed as though the young lions had succeeded when all of a sudden Bennet spotted a cloud of dust in the distance moving towards us. The large herd, which were by this point about half a km away, had heard the bellowing distress calls and were stampeding in our direction.

Mhangeni Buffalo 2-10

One of the young lionesses is temporarily distracted by her sisters having successfully brought down a second buffalo.

The scene soon turned into chaos as a sea of slashing horns moved back and forth as the lions tried to hold on to their hard-earned meal. This back and forth interaction continued for some time with neither side giving in. Eventually the herd of buffalo managed to chase the determined lions off, at least far enough for a portion of the herd to escort one of the injured buffalos to safety and then return for the next. Both buffalos were severely injured, possibly even fatally so, but managed to stumble to safety while the herd surrounded them, continuously fending the lions off.

Filed under Lions Wildlife

About the Author

Nick Sims

Field Guide

Nick joined Londolozi from the bright lights of Johannesburg, where he had been working in finance before deciding to make the big move to the bush at the start of 2015. Nick is a hard man to ruffle, and there is purpose in ...

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on Young Lions Take On Buffalo Herd

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Jill Larone

Wow, what a game drive that was! Do you know if the two Buffalo are still alive Nick, or were they too seriously injured? I love hearing how they look after each other. Great pictures and video!

Wendy Hawkins

Absolutely amazing the tenacity of both lions & buffs! I would also like to know if the buffs survived another day?

Anna Lee

I’m wondering that, too. When Amy’s post (2 months ago today!) described how the Dudley Riverbank 5:5 Male had been killed by the Tsalala Pride, I felt devastated by his death.

The lions set upon the buffalo bull similarly as to how the Tsalala Pride might have set upon the Dudley Riverbank 5:5 Male. Would the injuries sustained at the throat and horns (and elsewhere) have been enough to have overcome him eventually? Infection, blood loss, or internal damage to particular organs … all these may have affected him after the departure from view.

I’m still heavy-hearted about the loss of the Dudley (and that wee elephant babe in the mud). Does anyone know if the buffalo bull of the lion encounter escapade is okay?

Amy Attenborough

Hi Anna. Yes we think that both of these buffalo survived. The wounds seemed superficial enough that the buffalo would be able to recover. Many thanks, Amy

Anna Lee

Thank you, Amy. You’re splendiferous! 😉

Judy B.

Hi, Nick. I wish Larry and I had been there to see that amazing sight of the buffalo and the lions. We will be back next August and hope to see you then. We had a wonderful time with you and Ben!


I watched the whole interaction from Sandros’s vehicle. We located the herd the next morning and found the one that had remained standing, and other than being a bit slower than the rest, and she looked “fine”.

I enjoyed the subsequent Hyena’s visit too. He was responding to the noise and came to explore all the commotion.

Our video camera battery ran out, but we have 100+ stills of it all, plus the memory of all the noise.

Marinda Drake

What happened to the three Talamatie males and the males from the original Manghene pride? Are they still in the Sabie Sands or did they move into Kruger?

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