It took me a while to grasp the how F-Stops and Apertures on DLSR cameras worked and when the best time to use the different options were. In truth the explanation of F-Stops is relatively simple and understanding it will help you to make quick and easy decisions as to what settings to use when photography wildlife out in the field.

I did a brief write up, however on further research I found this video which explains the notion of F-Stops and Apertures in far simpler terms.  Take a look and then see below for a quick write up of what settings I typically use for landscape and wildlife photography out in the field.

For portraits of big cats and birds – f2.8 (f4.5/f5.6 depending on how good your lens is)

For giraffes and rhinos – f8.0

For elephants and tree portraits – f11

For landscapes – f16

For wide angle landscapes – f18

What settings do you use for different subject matters when out in the field?  Let me know in the comments section below.

Filed under Photography

About the Author

Rich Laburn

Head of Digital

Rich is the driving force behind Londolozi’s online storytelling and the Londolozi blog. His passions of digital media, film and photography, combined with his field-guiding background, have seen him take the Londolozi blog to new heights since he began it in 2009. Rich ...

View Rich's profile


on Understanding the F-Stop

Join the conversationJoin the conversation

Connect with Londolozi

Follow Us

Sign up for our newsletter

One moment...
Add Profile